fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "you are advice to " (this email uses bad English)
- "is 100% risk free" (almost true for the criminal trying to scam you - arrests of online criminals are rare)
- "lagos" (a location commonly mentioned in 419 scams)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: "THE NIGERIA POLICE FORCE (NPF)" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Thu, 6 Sep 2012 09:08:02 +0200
Subject: STOP EVERY CONTACT NOW
THE NIGERIA POLICE FORCE (NPF)
Plot 16 Alausa, Ikeja-Lagos.PMB 072 Lagos.
From: Sir. Hafiz Ringim, Inspector General of the Nigeria Police Force.
This is to officially inform you, that it has come to our notice with the help of our Intelligence Monitoring Network System and the Nigeria Financial Intelligent Unit (NFIU) that you are having an illegal transaction with some impostors claiming to be official representatives locally and internationally
and for that reason we are sending letter of warning to beneficiaries to warn them of this fraudulent activities we are presently em-battling.
Without taking much of your time, my name is Sir. Hafiz Ringim the Inspector General of Police Force (NPF) of the Federal Republic of Nigeria.
During our Investigation, we noticed that the reason why you have not received your funds is because you have not fulfilled your financial obligation given to you and many fees were continuously demanded by these criminals which may you to put blame on this Nigeria Government. So we contacted the Federal Ministry of Finance (FMF) on your behalf in other to compensate you financially.
In other to avoid any further complication, you are advice to stop all further contact/communication with this shameless people who are trying to rip out money from you and also agree with me that henceforth you will never contact these imposters by email or Telephone again.
Since we the Nigeria Police Force is fully involved in this transaction, you are assured that this 100% risk free it is our duty to protect the American Citizens and other citizens from scam or any fraudulent act.
Therefore you are advice to contact the My Personal Office
MY CONTACT INFORMATION IS:
Name: Hafiz Ringim
Kindly contact My Office today, with the above contact address and send the below information to them, to enable me to remit your funds according to the way you want to receive it.
1. Full Name
2. Home Address
3. Direct Phone Number
4. Current Occupation
5. Your Inheritance/ compensation sum value
6. Amount which you lost previously
7. Age and Sex
Note: You are not required to send any upfront fee. this is all that is required from you .
Sir. Hafiz Ringim OON, NPM
Inspector General of Police Force