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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr.David Tang Chen" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Sat, 8 Sep 2012 00:15:13 +0800
Subject: Sub: Investment Co-operation.

Mr.David Tang Chen
Executive Manager
Bill And Exchange Department
Foreign Remittance Department (F.R.D)
Peoples Bank Of China

Sub: Investment Co-operation.

Respected Sir/Madam,

I unassumingly solicit for your utmost consideration, as this letter serves as my formal notice of my intent to go into a multinational investment with you in your country.

This is Mr.David Tang Chen, I am a banker by profession in Beijing China and currently holding the post of bill and exchange manager at the foreign remittance department (B.O.C) Bank of China. I have the opportunity to meet unclaimed funds of ($25.5 Million Dollars) which belong to our deceased customer who died along with his entire family in 2011 japan's earth quake and tsunami.

In an open minded manner, I purposely contact you to negotiate my proposition for investment of multinational companies and industries with you in your country, if you willingly accept my proposal I shall provide you with the relevant details for the investment funds and our procedures in sequence.

Furthermore, I want every of my dealings with you to be carried out legally, genuinely and transparent.
If you are interested interested contact me directly with this email:

Kind regards,

Mr.David Tang Chen
Executive Manager
Bill And Exchange Department
Foreign Remittance Department (F.R.D)

Anti-fraud resources: