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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "STEVE MOHAMMED" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Fri, 7 Sep 2012 15:39:35 -0500

Dear sir/ma,

My name is Steve Mohammed; I work with the dormant account unit of Royal bank of Canada (RBC GROUP),U.K branch. Currently we are paying beneficiaries that falls under this category,

View the below advert to understand my proposal.

If you can work with me i can present you as one of the beneficiaries to these funds that has been cleared for payment,we split on a percentage of 50-50, we can get up to 20 million dollars and above,if you are interested send me your full names and your personal telephone number. I can give you details on how we can claim some of these funds.

Expecting your urgent response.


Steve Mohammed.

Anti-fraud resources: