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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr. Phala Heng" <>
Date: Wed, 12 Sep 2012 12:32:13 -0500

Dear Friend,

I know this mail will come to you as a surprise because you don't know
me,but knowing somebody starts in a day. However, I have gone through your
business profile and I decided to contact you in good faith, with utmost
assurance that you will never regret giving your attention to this mail.
My name is Mr. Phala Heng.
I am the Director in charge of audit and account unit department with a
Bank here in Asia. you will know me more as we go on.

In December 2004 a foreign Customer of our bank died with his little
family in tsunami disaster on the 26th December 2004 in Sumatra Indonesia.
Click on this link for your reference:
The huge deposit he made in our bank early 2003 has been dormant and
unclaimed due to unavailability of a next of kin to claim the deposit in
my Bank. In accordance with the laws in this country, the deposit will be
transferred to the Government treasury account if nobody comes to claim
the deposit as his next of kin. I am his account officer and I know he
have no next of kin. I also know the source of the fund he deposited in my

As I said, I am the account officer to the deceased customer and I have
the right to approve next of kin to my bank. As result of that, I want to
present you to my bank as the official next Of Kin because you share
almost the same name with him. so I want to present you to my bank so that
my bank can transfer the money to you, then we proceed for the sharing. I
want to work with you on it. The amount involve is US$13,000,000.00
(Thirteen Million United State Dollars). plus the interest-rate since
2003. Everything will be 100% risk free and I will tell you how everything
will be executed in my next mail if your interested to achieve this
success with me.


Anti-fraud resources: