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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Louis Cooper" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Wed, 12 Sep 2012 23:39:22 +0100

Dear Sir,
With reference to your fund transfer of your fund. we received an information and also an account instruction from Mr. Henley Miller Patrick from the United states of America. He said you instruted him to collect your fund on your behalf.
   I wish to confirm if you that did you authorised your Account details to be changed to another Bank Account. below is the account he provided.
Bank Midwest
acc; no: 090998776112
Routing no: 11771000111
This account was submitted here. As we received an instruction this morning to effect the change but as a matter of our Policy an Authorised letter must be signed and submitted by the Beneficiary before we can effect such change. I have therefore requested Mr. Henley Miller Patrick that asked for the change to submit a letter sign by you and we shall transfer the fund to the new Account possibly today. With this message please confirm if you authorised the change. If we do not here from you within three banking days we will proceed with the change of account and transfer of fund.
I await your urgent confirmation.
Mr. Louis Cooper

Anti-fraud resources: