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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mrs Donna Kwok" <>
Date: Thu, 13 Sep 2012 19:17:03 +0800
Subject: Greetings


I am Donna Kwok, Greater China economist for HSBC Global Research. A sum of US
$21,300,000.00 Million was deposited by our Late customer who died without declaring any
next of kin before his death in 2008.My suggestion to you is to stand as the next of kin
to Mahdi Abd Al-Kareem Al-Karboli.We shall share in the ratio of 50% for me, 50% for
you.please contact me if you are interested;

Donna Kwok.

Anti-fraud resources: