fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "dear friend" (a common phrase found in 419 scams)
- This email message is a next of kin scam.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: "Head of Accounting Audit Department" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Sun, 16 Sep 2012 06:21:55 +0530 (IST)
Subject: Your Help Is Needed: A Foreign deceased customer A billionaire
Hello Dear Friend
I am Mrs. Liza Wai Mun Wong the Head of Accounting Audit Department of
standard chartered in Malaysia. I have a business proposal you
In my department, I discovered a sum of $18.5 Million
In an account that belongs to one of our foreign deceased
customers, a billionaire Business Mogul Late Mr. Moises Saba Masri, a Jew
from Mexico who was a victim of a helicopter crash since 2010 year,
resulting to his death and his family members.
You can see more information about Saba Masri Mr.Moises unfortunate end
accident on the website-link below.
Now our bank has been waiting for any of the
relatives to come-up for the claim but nobody has done that until now. I
have been unsuccessful in locating the relatives, I seek your consent to
present you as the next of kin/Will Beneficiary to the deceased so that
they funds of this account valued at $18.5 Million
can be paid to your account.this transaction will be share 60/40 by both
Provide me the following information, as we have 7 days to run it
through. This is very URGENT PLEASE.
1. Full Name:
2. Your: Telephone Number:
3. Your Contact Address:
5.Core Job/ Occupation:
Please on your confirmation of this message and indicating your interest,
i will furnish you with more information on this business transaction.
CONTACT ME URGENTLY THROUGH THIS MY EMAIL :Mrs.LizaWong@accountant.com
Mrs. Liza Wai Mun Wong