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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr. David Campbell" <>
Date: Wed, 19 Sep 2012 03:54:35 +0200

My greetings to you and your family,

Do accept my sincere apologies if my mail does not meet your personal
ethics. I
am Mr David Campbell, the manager of a reputable bank here in London.
One of our
accounts with holding balance of GBP25,549,250.00 (Twenty five Million five
Hundred and fourth nine Thousand two Hundred and fifty British Pounds) and has
been dormant for over 5 years. This fund will definitely be confiscated by our
BANKING CODE OF ETHICS if it remains dormant for a period of [6] year without
any claims.
From my investigations and confirmations, the owner of this account is a
foreigner who died long time ago. Since then nobody has done anything
as regards
the claiming of this money as he has no family member who is aware of the
existence of either the account or the funds therein. Information from the
National Immigration also confirms that he was single on entry to this
England. Infact, this account has NO BENEFICIARY attached to it. So I
need your full cooperation in legitimately and officially transferring this
money out of our bank to any account of your choice to avoid our bank
confiscating this fund.

HOW THE TRANSACTION CAN BE HANDLED: As a manager, all the client
account details
and file are in my possession and that makes it easy for me to include
your name
as the beneficiary of the fund in all necessary documents involving
the money we
wish to transfer out from our bank.

Most importantly, you will be required to:
(1). Act as the original legitimate and official beneficiary of the funds.
(2). Receive the funds into a business/private bank account anywhere
in the world.
(3). At the completion of this transaction, the sharing rates shall be 60% for
me while 40% for you.

I need to know if you will agree to partner with me in this business deal.

FAX + 44 705 349 0537

This communication, including attachments, is for the exclusive use of
and may contain proprietary, confidential and/or privileged
information. If you
are not the intended recipient, any use, copying, disclosure, dissemination or
distribution is strictly prohibited. If you are not the intended recipient,
please notify the sender immediately by return e-mail, delete this
and destroy all copies.

Anti-fraud resources: