fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: "Mrs. Lisa Peterson" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Sat, 22 Sep 2012 16:20:03 +0100
Subject: YOUR UNCLAIMED FUND..
Good day to you,
I am Mrs. Lisa Peterson., I am a US citizen, 48 years old.
I am one of those that took part in the Compensation in Nigeria many years
ago and they refused to pay me, I had paid over USD20,000 while in the US,
trying to get my payment all to no avail. So I decided to travel to
WASHINGTON D.C, And I was directed by the ( F B I) Director to contact Mr.
Thomas Ife, who works for the Gold Link Insurance Company in Nigeria,
where all the unclaimed fund were been deposited for safe keeping.
I contacted him and he asked me to send my FULL NAME, SEX and DIRECT
CONTACT NUMBER, for him to verify if my name is among the list of those
that are yet to receive the compensation fund.
After he verified my name, he gave me their website to confirm my name my
self online, i saw my name on the list and right now i have received my
fund (USD 15 MILLION).
I will advise you contact Mr. Thomas Ife with your FULL NAME, SEX and
DIRECT CONTACT NUMBER, so he can give you the link where you can cross
check if your name is on the list of those that are yet to receive their
You have to stop contacting those impostors that are telling you that they
have fund for you they are all liars and swindlers.
You are to contact Mr. Thomas Ife of the Gold Link Insurance Company
directly on this information below.
GOLD LINK INSURANCE COMPANY
Mr. Thomas Ife
Email : email@example.com
Phone: +234 808 033 9418
The only money I paid after I met Mr. Thomas Ife was just $275 for their
insurance fee, take note of that. Once again stop contacting those people,
I will advise you to contact Mr. Thomas Ife so that he can help you to
Deliver your fund instead of dealing with those liars that will
be turning you around asking for different kind of money to complete your
Thank You and Be Blessed.
Mrs. Lisa Peterson.
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