fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- ",000,000" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "00,000.00" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "email@example.com" (this email address has been used in a known scam)
- This email message is a fake lottery scam. Consider the following facts about real lotteries:
- They don't notify winners by email.
- You can't win without first buying a lottery ticket.
- They don't randomly select email addresses to award prizes to.
- They don't use free email accounts (Yahoo, Hotmail, etc) to communicate with you.
- They don't tell you to call a mobile phone number.
- They don't tell you to keep your winnings secret.
- They will never ask a winner to pay any fees to receive a prize!
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
- +447035953145 (UK, redirects to a mobile phone in another country)
Fraud email example:
From: "JERO TRADING COMPANY" <firstname.lastname@example.org> (may be fake)
Date: Fri, 28 Sep 2012 16:10:38 -0700 (PDT)
Subject: WE NEED YOUR QUALITY PRODUCT
Dear Winner No 7
We are pleased to inform you that you have been announced as the seventh
lucky winner of our MEGA MILLIONS JACKPOT LOTTO WINNING PROGRAMS held on
the 25th of September 2012, with the total won prize of Â£2,000,000.00 GBP
(Two Million Great British Pound Sterling) For more information, kindly
contact our overseas Global Agent to guide you on how to claim your fund,
by submitting your Full Name, Contact Mobile Telephone No, Age & Sex,
Contact Address and Nationality. Send the above required information to
the below e-mail Addresses.
E-mail Contact Address:
Contact person: Dr. Elvis Donald.
Tel : +447035953145.
Congratulations once again from the entire Management and staff of Mega
Millions Inc UK.
Looking forward to hearing from you soon.
Mega Millions Lottery coordinator