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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "PAUL OBI" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Wed, 3 Oct 2012 05:20:50 +0100

I am Mr. Paul Obi, a staff in the allocation department of
Central Bank of Nigeria. We give final endorsement to any transfer or
remittance of huge funds within banks both on the local and
international levels in line with IMF requirements.
I have before me list of unprocessed foreign payments emanating from
Unclaimed deposits, over-invoicing ,etc. The necessary documentations
will be legally processed in your name if you consider my proposal.
Already, I have been instructed by Foreign Debts reconciliation
department to submit the list of payment analysis on expenditures and
Audited reports of revenues.
My conditions:
1. The sum of USD17.7M only will be processed in your name with all
the relevant legal documentations bearing your name as the
beneficiary. The transfer will be made either by Draft, ATM payment or
telegraphic Transfer T/T.
2. This deal must be kept secret forever and all correspondence will
be strictly by email / telephone for security purposes.
3. There should be no third party to avoid leakage.
If you are in agreement with my terms, kindly send me your details as
stated below:
A: Your Full name and address
B: Your direct telephone number
E. Country
Yours faithfully,
Mr. Paul A Obi

Anti-fraud resources: