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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Governor" <>
Reply-To: <>
Date: Tue, 13 Nov 2012 02:45:29 -0800
Subject: I need your partnership.

good day

I need your partnership:

I am contacting you in this way as a result of necessity and urgency of this transaction. I am a manager of a bank in Benin Republic and a financial consultant to private investors in my bank.

This transaction relates to a large deposit of 28.8 million from customers, who died without any next of kin or relatives. I assure you this transaction is 100% and will be done legally in accordance with the laws of your country. I shall share 50% of the total funds with you.

As soon as I get your response, I'll give you details of this transaction.

Do contact me for more clarity. with my direct mobile @ +229 68292727

Kind regards,


Anti-fraud resources: