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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr Paul White" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Sat, 17 Nov 2012 01:18:15 -0500
Subject: Payment by ATM Master Credit Card

Dear Beneficiary

Good day?This is Mr Paul White From Nigeria,We have your ATM CARD here loaded with the sum of $4.5 million and has to be delivered to you at your residential address over there and what you have to do now is to obtain the INSURANCE BOND CERTIFICATE that has to be on your name to back up your card for successful delivery and also pay for the delivery fee of the courier and It will cost you $250 usd and that is all.

What you need to do is to re-confirm your information to us

Your full name:
Your resident address:
Your telephone number:

Here is the information of payment

Receiving name: Teke James
Receiving address: Lagos. Nigeria.
Text question: How are you
Text answer: Fine

I await you

Mr Paul White

Anti-fraud resources: