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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Alexandra Manarini <>
Reply-To: Albert Cuyper <>
Date: Fri, 30 Nov 2012 08:01:54 -0200 (BRST)
Subject: CLAIM YOUR $2,500,000.00.USD

*Ref Number:NL/A09R11-2012

Dear Internet Subscriber,

We are pleased to inform you that your email address associated with E-TICKET NUMBER: ERP-45188 has won you the star prize of $2,500,000.00.USD (Two Million,Five Hundred Thousand Dollars).

For instructions to receive this prize, contact our claims officer using details stated below:

Name: Albert Cuyper
Tel: +31 647 580 997

Kindly provide him with the following information; Name, Address, Phone/Fax,Cell Phone,Email,Alternative Email,Age, Occupation, Ref Number and Eticket Number.

Alexandra Manarini,
Promotions Coordinator.

Anti-fraud resources: