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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr. Joseph Leon" <>
Reply-To: "Mr. Joseph Leon" <>
Date: Tue, 4 Dec 2012 16:03:06 +0000 (GMT)
Subject: inquiry


am Mr. Joseph Leon from England and I wish to make reservations in your
accommodation/hospitality. I hereby check for availability in your accommodation
from the 31th January 2013 to 10th day of February 2013 (Check-in 31th January
2013 and check out 12 noon 10th day of February 2013) which is 10 nights. I
inquire for 6 double rooms in regards to 12 adult delegates.

Please get
back to me with the confirmation of availability and prices. I await your reply

Have a nice day.

Mr. Joseph Leon
Address: 48 High Street
HA5 5PW London
United Kingdom
Tel: 44 702 4055571

Anti-fraud resources: