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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Certified Bank Draft" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Wed, 12 Dec 2012 09:26:06 -0800
Subject: Your Bank Draft

Dear Friend,

Compliments of the day and God's blessings
I am glad to inform you that I have successfully concluded the transaction,the money transferred to London. It was transferred through the assistant of your country man Mr.Howard Ferraro who is a London base business man. Currently I am in London with him,my husband and children.

However,I did not forget you because you are the source of my success,you made me what I am now though you are not there to complet this project with me but I gave all the credit and thanks to you. I know it was not your fault or rather your wish to back up on me and the transaction ,I understand it is simply because of what you must have heard about my continent and her business opportunities. Actually there are still good ones for example myself.

In appreciate of your assistance I have mapped out as a compensation and wrote on your favor an International Certified Bank Draft worth of US$2,500,000.00.(Two Million,Five Hundred Thousand United States Dollars Only) I left the Draft with my attorney Mr,Asico Richard my departure to London. I would like you therefore,to contact him on the below info so that he can mail it to you.

Attn: Mr,Asico Richard

1,FULL NAME.................
3,PHONE NUMBER...........
4. AGE:........................

Contact my attorney in Benin-Republic so that he can release your Draft with code 988. I will stop here.Once again, thank you very much and remain blessed.

Mrs. Joyce Gimba

Anti-fraud resources: