fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "00,000.00" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "abuja" (a location commonly mentioned in 419 scams)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- firstname.lastname@example.org (Adinet; can be used from anywhere worldwide)
Fraud email example:
From: "email@example.com" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Thu, 13 Dec 2012 11:41:32 +0000 (GMT)
Subject: CONGRATULATIONS, YOU HAVE WON !!!
United Nations Development
United Nations House
Plot 617/618, Diplomatic Zone,
P.M.B. 2851, Garki,
You have been selected by the UN for a Humanitarian Development Cash Grant
program, which is to enhance and develop the standard of living geared
towards poverty eradication as targeted by the year 2020.
You have been granted the sum of 800,000.00 Pounds, your grant pin #UN/FBDP- 816-1119 G-900-12.
Contact payment officer for your funds, with your GRANT PIN WHICH IS :#UN/FBDP-816-1119 G-900-12.
Mr. Richard Iheoma
You are to provide him your information below for claims.
1 Full Names:
2 Full Address:
7 Cell Phone:
8 Present Country:
9 Any Picture ID
10 Alternate Email Address:
Note, Please, you
should keep your winning information very secret,do not disclose your
winning to anybody, to avoid false claim,this is due to numerous
experienced we have received from people who have come to claim another
person's fund, therefore,do not tell anybody about this winning, until
when you receive your money in your hands.
Chairman UNDP Grant Programs