fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- This email message is a next of kin scam.
Fraud email example:
From: Jeffery Baker <email@example.com>
Date: Thu, 27 Dec 2012 19:31:44 +0000
My name is Mr.Jeffery Baker ,the Overseas Fund Officer of an Investment Bank
here in Ivory Coast.
My client, General Daoud Rajha who died recently during the Syria insurgency,
made a fixed deposit of Fourteen million, three hundred thousand Euro
in my branch.
From investigations, he did not declare any next of kin. So, I need you as a
foreigner to act as the next of kin to get this fund for us because the funds
will revert to the C.I Treasury if nobody comes forward. My anticipated
percentages for sharing shall be fair enough 60% for me, 40% for you.
Please specify by replying to state if you are interested and do also
secure phone number.