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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr. Joseph Leon" <>
Reply-To: "Mr. Joseph Leon" <>
Date: Tue, 1 Jan 2013 23:37:36 +0000 (GMT)
Subject: inquiry


I am Mr. Joseph Leon
from England and I wish to make reservations in your
accommodation/hospitality. I hereby check for availability in your
accommodation from the 28th February 2013 to 10th day of March 2013
(Check-in 28th February 2013 and check out 12 noon 10th day of March
2013) which is 10 nights. I inquire for 6 double rooms in regards to 12
adult delegates.

Please get back to me with the confirmation of availability and prices. I await your reply soon.

Have a nice day.

Mr. Joseph Leon
Address: 48 High Street HA5 5PW London
United Kingdom
Tel: 44 702 4055571

Anti-fraud resources: