fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "western union" (this will cost you money - be careful with upfront payments to anyone you only know through email, especially if they promise you a lot of money. NEVER send money by Western Union or MoneyGram to people you do not know personally - NO EXCEPTIONS! Instant wire transfer services are not meant to be used with strangers because they offer no protection against fraud. That is precisely why the criminals want you send money that way. )
- "mtcn" (this will cost you money - be careful with upfront payments to anyone you only know through email, especially if they promise you a lot of money. NEVER send money by Western Union or MoneyGram to people you do not know personally - NO EXCEPTIONS! Instant wire transfer services are not meant to be used with strangers because they offer no protection against fraud. That is precisely why the criminals want you send money that way. )
- "federal republic of benin" (Benin, Cameroon, etc. are no Federal Republics, unlike Nigeria where this type of scam was invented)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- Western Union money transfer is completely untraceable and therefore is *not* safe to use with anyone you do not know personally. It is the preferred method of online criminals to collect money from their victims.
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
Fraud email example:
From: MRValentine John <email@example.com>
Date: Sat, 12 Jan 2013 09:08:19 +1300 (NZDT)
Subject: ATTENTION BENEFICIARY
ATTENTION BENEFICIARY : We want to inform you that your $5000 has been release today throughwestern union payment and we want you to Contact Person;REV. DR. KEVIN ANTHONY. immediately with this email address (transfer@vf..vc)Here is the information the western union payment office needed from you.Your full name__________________Your country_________________________Your phone numbers______________________Your Age___________________________________Your occupation_______________________________Ask him to give you the question and answer and (MTCN NUMBER) for youto pick up the $5,000 he sent to you, he will be sending it $5000 per each transaction until he finish sending the whole amount to you which is $1.5M USD, One Million Five Hundred Thousands US DollarsYou will pay small amount for the PIN CODE NUMBER And Ownership certificate of the fund before you can pick up the money but we don't know the exactly amount. We wish You Good luckCONTACT: REV. DR.
KEVIN ANTHONY.FOREIGN OPERATION MANAGERE-MAIL: ( firstname.lastname@example.org)DIRECT TELE: +229-67174941Yours in service.Thanks.Mr,Valentine JohnFinance MinisterFederal Republic of Benin.