fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "cotonou" (a location commonly mentioned in 419 scams)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- firstname.lastname@example.org (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: "DR.TANKARD HAMITIZ" (may be fake)
Date: Sun, 13 Jan 2013 03:21:47 -0600
Subject: URGENT RESPONDS IS NEEDED PLEASE
THIS IS DR.TANKODI HAMITZ,THE DIRECTOR CENTRAL BANK COTONOU BENIN
REPUBLIC. I HONESTLY WANT TO INFORM YOU THAT ICICI BANK INDIA
/BANK OF AMERICA RETURNED YOUR SUM OF USD$20.5MILLION TO THIS
CENTRAL BANK COTONOU BENIN REPUBLIC HERE. THE TOTAL
USD$20.5MILLION IS NOW AVALAIBLE ON YOUR NAME FOR RECEIVING AS
SOON AS YOU CONTACT DIRECTOR HAMITZ OF CENTRAL BANK COTONOU BENIN
TRY TO REPLY THIS MESSAGE TOGETHER WITH YOUR BANKING INFORMATIONS
OR CONTACT ADDRESS SO THAT YOU WILL RECEIVE VIA WIRE TRANSFER OR
BANK DRAFT OF TOTAL USD$20.5MILLION WHICH CENTRAL BANK HERE IN
BENIN HAS TO PAY YOU.REMEMBER THAT THE TRANSFER OF TOTAL
USD$20.5MILLION OR SENDING BANK DRAFT TO YOU WILL BE COMPLETED
UNDER 48 HOURS OF REPLYING THIS MASSAGE BY YOU.
HOPE TO HEAR FROM YOU VIA E-MAIL:(email@example.com)
OR DIRECT PHONE +229-98839090 OR +229 682 211 30 IMMEDIATELY YOU RECEIVE THIS VERY
IMPORTANT MESSAGE .
DR.TANKARD HAMITIZ ,
DIRECTOR CENTRAL BANK
COTONOU BENIN REPUBLIC