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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "FIRST BANK NIGERIA" (may be fake)
Date: Wed, 23 Jan 2013 16:48:41 -0000
Subject: PAYMENT UPDATE OF YOUR MONEY.We receive information that you have lost money to Nigerian fraudsters in the past, Nigeria government has now compensated you with $7 MILLION USD for you to recover your lost money. First Bank of Nigeria PLC is the bank that will pay you your $7MILLION. Our Bank will open a domiciliary account for you to process and transfer your $7MILLION to your bank account in your Country. Send us your Full Name, Full Home or Office address, your Mobile phone number, your Bank Name and ban

Anti-fraud resources: