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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Saqr Jamaan Al-Ali" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Tue, 15 Jan 2013 20:40:22 +0100
Subject: Re:

Dear friend,
I am Saqr Jamaan Al-Ali contacting you regarding transaction linked with late Sheikh Ahmed Bin Zayed Al-Nahyan who was the former head of the Abu Dhabi Investment Authority. I am his Confidential Secretary and I have a "CONFIDENTIAL BUSINESS PROPOSITION" for you, it's to the tune of $42,160,000 USD (Forty Two Million One Hundred & Sixty Thousand Dollars). I will advice with further information as soon as I receive a response from you indicating your willingness to work with me to execute this business proposal.
I look forward to hear from you on my confidential email;
Yours faithfully,
Saqr Jamaan Al-Ali

Anti-fraud resources: