fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: Catia Cattelan <email@example.com>
Date: Thu, 24 Jan 2013 04:35:29 +0100 (CET)
Subject: HONDA PROMOTION 2013
Your email address has luckly won you 1,750,000.00 GBP.
Le informazioni contenute in questo messaggio di posta elettronica e negli allegati sono riservate
e confidenziali e ne sono vietate la lettura, l'uso, la copia, la comunicazione e la diffusione
in qualunque modo eseguite. Qualora lei non fosse la persona destinataria del messaggio, la
invitiamo ad eliminarlo, dando gentilmente comunicazione al mittente tramite e-mail di ritorno.
The information contained in this email message and any files transmitted with it are confidential
and privileged and any reading, processing, distribution or copy of this material is strictly
prohibited, in any form. If you are not the intended recipient of this message, please immediately
delete it, giving the relevant communication to the sender by reply e-mail.