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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: john cliff <>
Date: Thu, 24 Jan 2013 13:13:47 +0000 (GMT)
Subject: Urgent From John

I am John Clef Fund Manager/Account Officer to Former President Of Egypt Hosni Mubarak.I am contacting you regarding the funds  $5Million Dollars.This fund was deposited safely without the knowledge of anyone expect me i am contacting you to be my partner to receive the funds and invest in your company.
I will give you further details of the funds once i receive your response and assurance that you will not betray me.

John Clef

Anti-fraud resources: