fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "00,000.00" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "international remittance department" (Banks mentioned in 419 scams are always fake (real banks don't communicate using mobile phones or free webmail addresses))
- "central bank of nigeria" (the name of a person or institution often appearing in 419 scams)
- This email message is a next of kin scam.
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: ACCOUNT DEPT CBN <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Fri, 25 Jan 2013 08:34:22 -0800 (PST)
Subject: IMMEDIATE TRANSFER CALL ME
CENTRAL BANK OF NIGERIA
TINUBU SQUARE, VICTORIA ISLAND, NIGERIAN
FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF NIGERIA
OFFICE OF THE GOVERNOR
ACCOUNT / TELEX REMITTANCE DEPARTMENT
OUR REF: CBN/CCD/CBX/02/13
RE: THE TRUTH OF THE MATTER
am delighted to contact you on a private note based on your claim to
your inheritance contract fund which has been officially gazette and
programmed for transfer into your designated bank account through my
Department. I hereby apologize to you for the delay in releasing this
fund into your account, which was caused by me because of breach of
agreement between me and your so-called partners in Africa who
introduced you into the business.
Your Africa partners
approached me that they want to present you as an inheritance
beneficiary of this fund as it was an OVER-INVOICING fund made when they
are awarding contract to foreign firms. So after the negotiation, we
unanimously agreed that they (your partners) would give me the sum of
US$200,000.00 (CASH) on my acceptance to assist them to transfer the
fund into your account. When I accepted the offer, they forwarded all
your Banking particulars to me for onward Transfer. However on a
fruitfully effort I made on the deal which I demand my US$200,000.00 as
Your partners deviated from the agreement and decided
to go through the International Remittance Department at my back and
make a change of your Bank account in other to disappoint me and you,
also not knowing that the International Remittance Department is also
under my Control. Then I got the knowledge of their evil plans and prove
their illicit efforts abortive. That is why for some times you have
been pursing this payment spending unnecessary funds to some fraudulent
individuals in Africa who claimed to be in charge to release your fund.
want to re-emphasis to you that your fund is still with me and under my
control. Now with my whole heart I want to enter into real business
with you on a sincere agreement since your partners have disappointed me
and the funds is still floating in your name waiting for a proper
procedure and claim.
1. On an agreement, I assure you that I am going to transfer this fund into your bank account.
2. You will assure me of keeping my dealings with you to an utmost secrecy because of my position.
You will promise to give me 20% of the total funds as soon as the funds
gets into your account with a written promissory note signed by you.
I will assist you in any way I can to ensure you claim your funds as
the rightfully Foreign Contractor inheritance beneficiary to the said
funds. This depends if you are ready to comply with the directive giving
5. I have being directed by the newly elected
Government of President Goodluck Jonathan to cancel any payment owned by
the Federal Government, once the beneficiary is unable to claim it
therefore should return to the Federal Government Treasury Account as
unclaimed deposit. Definitely, the Federal Government will have good use
of it for development of this Country.
I am aware that some
fraudulent individuals have been impersonating my name and office to
contact you and other contractors as reported by the Central Bank of
Nigeria Authorities. I advised you that henceforth, you should suspend
any dealings from any group of person(s) either from the CBN or any
other Financial Institution or Perastatals in Africa or overseas that
might be contacting you in this purpose and endeavor to keep this
information confidential until we finalize this transaction. Also on no
Account must you contact these partners any more, this is for my own
safety and for the security of the funds. Because the will not stop at
any length to getting this funds. And on no account must you let them
know of my contact with you. Then to make transfer take place into your
bank account you should forward below information.
1.) Your Full Name
2.) Contact Tel Number and Address
3.) Your Banking Details with Address
Please reply this message urgently and call me on my confidential Tel: +234-7043342733 E-mail: email@example.com
. Your urgent response will be appreciated before we take the next line
of action immediately. Get back to me as soon as possible.
Dr. Mike David.
Chief Accountant/Telex Department
Tel: +234- 7043342733