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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Nicodemus Onye" <>
Date: Wed, 30 Jan 2013 17:38:29 +0545
Subject: Stop all fraudulent transactions now


The (EFCC) has find out after research at Western Union and Money Gram
that you are defrauded by scams and advise you to quite replying to their
We agreed that the sum(US$1,600,000.00) should be your compensation for been
We deposited the fund at Western Union,and it was insured to avoid
Contact the info below:
Telephone : +234 8064843891

Nicodemus Onye
Investigation Officer.

Anti-fraud resources: