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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Miss Vera Cyrus" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Tue, 5 Feb 2013 16:17:33 -0000
Subject: Good day

Hello Dear,
Let me start by introducing myself,I am Veronica Cyrus i am From LIBYA,I hope you are aware of the political war in my country LIBYA,see this web site . I write you this email in respect of our fund in a finance firm , which I and my brother want you to assist us,by standing as our trustee,to help us receive $12.7 Million U.S.Dollars on our behalf for investment in your place.please send me your Name..Address..Age..Phone..I will send you my photos and more informations as soon as i hear from you, also tell you more about myself.My Email is :


Anti-fraud resources: