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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "MR. GREG BERMAN" <>
Date: Wed, 6 Feb 2013 05:50:53 +1300 (NZDT)

Good Day,

I am sending you this mail in good faith. I'm Mr. Greg Berman, a British citizen currently undergoing medical treatment for cancer. I have decided to DONATE the sum of £8 Million to you for the good work of god to promote humanitarian works. I.e. assisting the less privileged, i have just been informed by my doctor that I only have few months to live due to cancer illness and i am about to end the race like this without a child and in contrast to how family members & friends has completed treated me during horrible moment in my life? I decided reaching out to a total stranger in your person. Having known my condition I have decided to nominate you as my beneficiary.. Please contact me for more details on this noble project of mine.

Mr. Greg Berman

Anti-fraud resources: