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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

Click here to report a problem with this page.



Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Bank of America Alert <"
Date: Tue, 05 Feb 2013 08:37:04 -0530
Subject: Bank of America Alerts: Irregular Activity on Your Bank Account

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.ExternalClass div.ecxMsoNormal {margin-bottom:.0001pt;font-size:12.0pt;fo=
nt-family:'Times New Roman';} .ExternalClass li.ecxMsoNormal {margin-bottom=
:.0001pt;font-size:12.0pt;font-family:'Times New Roman';} .ExternalClass p.=
ecxMsoNormal {margin-bottom:.0001pt;font-size:12.0pt;font-family:'Times New=
Roman';} .ExternalClass span.ecxMsoHyperlink {color:blue;text-decoration:u=
nderline;} .ExternalClass a:link {color:blue;text-decoration:underline;} .E=
xternalClass span.ecxMsoHyperlinkFollowed {color:blue;text-decoration:under=
line;} .ExternalClass a:visited {color:blue;text-decoration:underline;} .Ex=
ternalClass p {margin-right:0cm;margin-left:0cm;font-size:12.0pt;font-famil=
y:'Times New Roman';} .ExternalClass span.ecxGramE {;} @page Section1 {size=
:595.3pt 841.9pt;} .ExternalClass div.ecxSection1 {;} Dear Valued Mem=
We noticed invalid login attempts into you account online from an unknow=
n IP address =

Due to this, we have temporarily suspended your account.
We need you to update your account information for your online banking to =
be re-activated
please update your billing information today by clicking =


here www.` After a few clicks, =


just verify the information you entered is correct.


BOA Member Services Team
P.S. The link in this message will be expire within 24 Hours . You have t=
o update your payment information

2013 BOA LLC. All Rights Reserved. =20

Anti-fraud resources: