fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: Jimmy Frank <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Wed, 6 Feb 2013 01:57:20 +0800 (CST)
Subject: Re: The ATM Card
is to bring to your notice that, I have paid the delivery fee of your
ATM, I paid it because the ATM Card ($1.8m),has few weeks to expire and
when it expires, the money will go into Government purse. With that I
decided to help you pay the money so that the ATM will not expire,
because I know when you get your ATM definitely you must send my money
Now I want you to contact The TNT Company in Benin so that
they will deliver your Card to your address without any delay. Like I
stated earlier, the delivery charges has been paid. Note I deposited it
with the company yesterday. Below Is the Company Contact Information
Contact Person: Mrs. Rose M. Amar
Contact Number: +229 99 233 315.
This is what they will require from you.
Your Full Name......
Your Private Telephone......
Your Address where the ATM will be deliver
Contact them today to avoid increase of their keeping fees.
Mr. Jimmy Frank.