fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
Fraud email example:
From: Daivd kelly <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Wed, 6 Feb 2013 03:36:11 +0800 (CST)
Subject: Attention please,
is to inform you that it has come to our knowledge that your fund which is
suppose to be long transfered into your account had been pending here in West
Africa due to reasons which cannot be specifically extablished.Owing to the just
concluded congress meeting held by Central Bank of West Africa States Governors
here which was hosted in my country, we have been authorised in conjuction with
the World Bank to finalise the remittance of your fund into your account which
has been pending all these while.
we are contacting you to have a recomfirmation from you as we saw your name and
contact in the list of those that their fund has been pending and we are
contacting you for your recomfirmation. call us for further information Your
response and corporation will be kindly needed to enable us get this
Dir. Inter. Remittance dept.,
West Africa central Bank- Benin
Tel: 00229 95074209.