fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "dear friend" (a common phrase found in 419 scams)
- "central bank of nigeria" (the name of a person or institution often appearing in 419 scams)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: "Mrs.Helen Ekenta" (may be fake)
Date: Tue, 5 Feb 2013 15:59:18 -0000
Subject: WHAT SHOULD BE DONE TO GET YOUR FUND
I am Mrs. Ekenta Helen secretary to the director debt foreign management, your payment files has been laying here for many months now and nobody has ever told you the truth, the reason why you have not received your fund with Federal Republic of Nigeria. When I was going through your payment files, you have not even received a cent. All the top officials both men and women keep on exploiting your hard earned money. I don't want to go far yet.
My question is this, are you still interested in receiving at least part of your over due payment? Just let me know and further details will be communicated to you accordingly.strictly contact me only via : firstname.lastname@example.org
Secretary to the director
Foreign Debt management
Central bank of Nigeria(CBN)
strictly contact me only via : email@example.com