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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

Date: Tue, 05 Feb 2013 22:01:12 -0500
Subject: Partnership..

Islamic Financial Trust ZA
Dr. Pravin Gordham

Dear Sir/Madam,

My name is Dr. Pravin Gordham, an account officer with the Islamic Financial Trust in South Africa.

I am writing to you to inform you about a business partnership which involves the sum of $15,000,000.00 (Fifteen Million United States Dollars).

The above stated funds was deposited in our financial vault by the ousted Tunisian president Mr.Zine Al-abidine Ben Ali about 8 months ago; based on the circumstances surrounding the president, all his assets has been frozen and other business owned by him has been seized.

The above stated funds are still safe and nobody knows about this fund because as his account officer i made sure that the account was opened in a non-existent name and under a business franchise here in South Africa, and the funds cannot be moved in my name because i am an employee at the financial institution where the funds are been deposited.

I plead for your assistance as a partner to move this funds out of africa in your name to your country for further investments; the ratio of sharing shall be 45% for you as a partner and 45% for me, the remaining 10% shall be used for repayment of any expenses which might be incurred during the process of getting these funds across to your country.

Please note that this transaction is 100% legal and risk free and since i am currently working for the bank where the funds are currently deposited, the transaction shall be smooth and effective.

This is a very urgent business proposition and must be treated as such; please send to me your details as requested below to enable us proceed with this transaction:


As soon as these details are received, i shall draft an agreement with the aid of an attorney to bind us together in this partnership, once the agreement is signed by both parties then we can apply to the foreign exchange department to issue and dispatch a Draft/Cheque in your name to the tone of the above stated funds.

I await your urgent response.

Dr. Pravin Gordham

Anti-fraud resources: