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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: =?iso-8859-1?Q?Adj=E9h_AGBO?= <>
Date: Fri, 8 Feb 2013 16:30:46 +0000 (GMT)
Subject: HELLO

    Dear Sir/Madam,

    According to the ethics of this office, introduction is always very important on a first contact like this. I am Mr. AGBO MARCEL ADJEH, NPM, mni, the Inspector General of the Nigeria Police Force.

    Your funds valued US$10,500,000.00 was returned from Bank of New York, Mellon (BNY MELLON) to the Federal Government treasury on 21st December 2012 and today we (Nigeria Police) discovered that some officials from Malaysia, Nigeria and USA have attempted to divert your funds (US$10,500,000.00) through a back-door channel. We actually discovered this today, through our secret agents under the Disciplinary Unit of the Nigeria Police after we apprehended (Mr. Charles Soludo).

    The mentioned suspect was apprehended as he attempted to divert your funds (US$10,500,000.00) to Pakistan. In respect to the money laundering decree of The Federal Republic of Nigeria such amount of money can not be moved in cash outside Nigeria without legal certification because such attempt is considered a criminal offense and is punishable under the Money Laundering Decree of 1996. This decree is a globalized law applicable in most developed countries in order to check-mate terrorism and money laundering which are threats to humanity.

    From our gathered information here in this bureau, we discovered that the said funds in question actually belongs to you but (Mr.Charles Soludo) attempted to divert the fund for some selfish reasons. Be informed that the apprehended suspect and his cohorts will be charged to court for the several count charges leveled against them. Presently, this said fund valued US$10,500,000.00 is under our custody and I can assure you that your fund will be released to you immediately.

    We require your positive co-operation at every level because we are closely monitoring this very transaction in order to avert the bad eggs in our society of today. For the immediate release of your funds, you are required to provide us with below listed information for official verification.

    1. First Name, Middle Name and Last Name.
    2. Age.
    3. Occupation.
    4. Marital Status.
    5. Direct Telephone/Fax Number.
    6. Residential address.
    7. A form of Identification

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