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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Sgt. David Haliday" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Fri, 8 Feb 2013 12:39:18 -0500
Subject: Make $3 Million Dollars in Few Days(Real Deal)


My name is Sgt. David Haliday, a former member of the 3rd Infantry Division of the United States Army ,deployed to Iraq. Now serving with the US Army Iraqi Special Forces Baghdad Iraq, before i go further i want you to please take your time to read the News bellow.

Now i want you to know that i have a very good business preposition for you, if you are interested you will make 3 Million Dollars in few days from this, everything is very simple, all you have to do is receive 12.5 Million Dollars on my behalf, take out 3 Million and keep the rest safe till i am able to meet you in person, if you are interested please email me your direct phone number and full name so i can get in touch with you so we can talk about this better.

Waiting to hear from you.

Sgt. David Haliday

Anti-fraud resources: