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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Dr.Ogbe Nguru" <>
Date: Thu, 21 Mar 2013 01:53:08 +0800 (SGT)
Subject: Partnership Investment...

Partnership Investment...
I am Dr.Ogbe Nguru,I am the Head Finance/contract approval department ,Benin Ministry of Mines & Industry,There is a deceased contractor who has unpaid contract balance of(  Usd:9.8Million )  for supply and installation of Industrial Equipments to our Industry who died a month after the completion of the contract project without any registered business partner in his file.
Can you please receive this fund as the Business Partner to the deceased contractor for our mutual benefits? If you are interested,send me your name and mobile telephone number and your contract address.
Dr.Ogbe Nguru
Direct Line:+229 99 11 44 38.

Anti-fraud resources: