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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "DAN ADEBIYI" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Sun, 19 May 2013 09:06:25 -0500

Dear Sir,

My name is Professor Dan Adebiyi (Special Adviser) to the President of the Federal Republic of Nigeria Dr,Ebele Goodluck Jonathan.

I and my colleagues at the petroleum ministry are desirous to seek your co-operation in a mutually beneficial business because as civil servants still in active service are forbidden to be engaged in private investment abroad and I have been mandated by my colleagues to get a reliable and trust worthy person to carry out this business hence my contact to you after a search of your profile.


We have been able to accumulate a total of $421.000.000.00 (Four hundred and twenty one million dollars) from crude oil sales invoicing and subsidies lodged at a controlled account at Barclays Capital and our collective intention is to buy or acquire a crude oil refinery off-shore to secure our retirement since we can through our connections get allocation of 2,000.000.00 BPD of Bonny Light Crude that will span for a period of five years.

Our proposal to you as a confidential partner is as follows;

1 Act as a legal front to acquire or purchase the said refinery.

2 Profits accruing after sharing will be placed on real estate investment and to be managed by you pending our retirements.

3 For your co-operation and trust you shall be entitled to 15% on all transactions which is also open to negotiations. All modalities to get the initial capital of $421.000.000.00 to you in legal form are in place and 100% secured.

However, it might interest you to note that last year we were seriously betrayed by a Canadian business tycoon Carlo Fidani of Orlando Corp. on a similar project after funds have been transferred to him and since we cannot cry out publicly due to our positions in government we lost a total of $$ so this time around we want to be extra careful to avoid such occurrence.

Finally,if you do not have the capacity to carry out this business kindly disregard this proposal considering that we are still in active service but if you are capable and trustworthy you can reach me with the below contacts.

Yours Sincerely,

Prof Dan Adebiyi.

Anti-fraud resources: