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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr. Harry" <>
Date: Fri, 17 May 2013 23:23:41 +0800

Dear Prospective Partner,

My name is Harry from Hong Kong. I am contacting you regarding transaction linked with Mr. Chen Shui-bian who was the former president of Taiwan. I was his Confidential Secretary and I have a "CONFIDENTIAL BUSINESS PROPOSITION" for you, it's to the tune of $49,000,000 USD (Forty Nine Million Dollars). I will advice with further information as soon as I receive a response from you indicating your willingness to work with me to execute this business proposal.

You can email me at for further details, terms and agreement.

Yours faithfully,
Mr. Harry

Anti-fraud resources: