fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following fake company names, fake addresses, non-existent institutions/documents or other details have appeared in scams before:
- "netherlands gaming board"
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "claim agent" (real lotteries do not use a "claim agent" / "fiduciary agent")
- "email@example.com" (this email address has been used in a known scam)
- This email message is a fake lottery scam. Consider the following facts about real lotteries:
- They don't notify winners by email.
- You can't win without first buying a lottery ticket.
- They don't randomly select email addresses to award prizes to.
- They don't use free email accounts (Yahoo, Hotmail, etc) to communicate with you.
- They don't tell you to call a mobile phone number.
- They don't tell you to keep your winnings secret.
- They will never ask a winner to pay any fees to receive a prize!
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
Fraud email example:
From: "STAATSLOTTERIJ INTERNATIONAL B.V." (may be fake)
Date: Wed, 8 May 2013 18.44.01 +0200
Subject: STAATSLOTTERIJ INTERNATIONAL B.V.WINNING DETAILS
STAATSLOTTERIJ INTERNATIONAL B.V.
CLAIM DEPARTMENT OFFICE,
Paleisstraat 5, 2514 JA 'S-Gravenhage,
The STAATSLOTTERIJ INTERNATIONAL B.V is approved by the Netherlands Gaming Board and also licensed by the International Association of Gaming Regulators I.A.G international emails. Held on the 22nd of April, 2013. All winnings must be claim not later than 31st of May, 2013, after this date, unclaimed funds will be returned to the Lotto. NL
Your email address won the 2nd category of our lottery programme for a total pay-out of 850,000.00 EURO no tickets were sold but all email addresses were assigned to different ticket numbers for representation and privacy.
To file for your claim, please contact your claim agent with the below details
Name: Mr. David Botha
In other to claim your 850,000.00 EURO prize winning, you will have to fill the form below and send it back for verification and then you will be directed how to get
a ticket in your name.
Please remember to quote your Winning Numbers:
Ref. Number: CEF/004.INT/052
Lucky Number: 33,25,3,12,36,65
Mrs Eava Van Boer
Sweepstakes International Program.