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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Janet Amah <>
Date: Mon, 20 May 2013 10:14:28 +0100 (BST)
Subject: From Janet Amah

>From Janet Amah
Good day to you my Dear,Nice to meet
with you my name is Janet Amah from Sierra Leone am 26 years old am now
in Ivory Coast Abidjan i have lost my Father for a long time ago also i
will like to do Business with you with my Father fund of 12.5 million
dollars in your country so if you wish to help me out then do reply me
back for me to give you more info regarding this oppurtunity.
Kind Regards
Janet Amah

Anti-fraud resources: