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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Tobias Joe <>
Date: Mon, 20 May 2013 11:25:01 +0200 (CEST)
Subject: Hello My Dear

Hello My Dear

I have registered the ATM MASTER CARD with DHL COMPANY this morning as we agreed and the delivery will take off tomorrow

morning based on my agreement with DHL Director Mr. Ahmed Yak MOST IMPORTANT: reconfirm your current delivery address to him

Then contact him via the following email:{}
Tell;+229 98425508

I will not be reached till June 20th, 2013. Your amount in the Card is US$1.8Million and the Pincode of your ATM CARD is:



Mr Tobias Joe

Anti-fraud resources: