fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "hundred thousand united states dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "remain blessed" (scammers in West Africa like to use religious phrases)
- This email message is a next of kin scam.
Fraud email example:
From: Baresi David <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Mon, 20 May 2013 15:20:37 +0100 (BST)
Subject: From:Baresi David
My name is Mrs Baresi David, a 65 years old German citizen woman with a multi-racial heritage of Black/German born in Jan. 1947, suffering from a long time cancer of the breast, I am a missionary and I have decided to Willingly Donate the sum of $5.5 million(Five Million, Five hundred thousand United States Dollars) to charity and individual through you for the good work of the lord, and to help the motherless, less privileged and also for the assistance of the widows.
My coming in contact with you is solely by the divine will and no doubt about it. Please like I told you earlier I'm a missionary woman from Germany but residing in Ivory Coast for the missionary works.
My husband was an Engineer with a construction company in Ivory Coast, In fact it is too sad to let you know that I lost my dear husband and two kids in a tragic motor accident, and since then I have been battling with this deadly breast cancer disease which most specialist doctors have confirmed that I may not survive no matter what. All I want to do now is to present you as my family next of kin to receive the $5.5 million which I and my husband deposited in a security company. I want you to receive this money and use it to help the less privileged, widows and orphans.
Kindly send me your full name and your address also your contact number, so that I will prepare all relevant documents with the assistance of our family lawyer to effect the release of the fund to you.
Mrs. Baresi David