fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "the consignment" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "consignment " (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "abuja" (a location commonly mentioned in 419 scams)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- firstname.lastname@example.org (Yahoo, Japan; can be used from anywhere worldwide)
Fraud email example:
From: "Dr. Abraham Nwankwo ( Director-General ) Debt Management Office - DMO" (may be fake)
Date: Mon, 20 May 2013 05:38:21 -0700
Subject: Payment File:#FGN13/78/CBN/013..
From: Dr. Abraham Nwankwo ( Director-General )
Debt Management Office DMO
The Presidency -Nigeria.
NDIC Building (1st Floor),
Central Business District,
Garki Abuja, Nigeria.
To: The Debt Beneficiary: Code Name: RED78-111/XX8
Payment No: CO2/GH88B3
PLEASE DO NOT IGNORE THIS CONFIDENTIAL MESSAGE ON YOUR DEBT PAYMENT.
This message is not a mistake coming to you direct from my desk for the first time as Director-General of Debt Management Office Nigeria, based on established Debt
records on your name verified by the combined DMO-DG's teams of EU, USA, Britain, UN, IMF, World Bank, IMF and African Unions etc, confirming authenticity of your Debt
Origination from Africa/Nigeria., hence a consignor resolution was reached to pay all such Debt from my Office in cash.
But, you must help this office NOW to liquate your Debt outstanding after the Unfortunate Express Cash Transit delivery last November 2011 by UPS Express Courier
Personnel to your specified home address in USA was returned.
Therefore, you must confirm your current RESIDENTIAL ADDRESS submitted earlier in your Record, if it is still available or not, Because we are not going to make the
same mistake again, having personally called you severally with
the Director of Debt Verification Cash office on your phone since Monday this week to no avail. The Consignment cash fund transit sent to you on November 2011 was
returned to our Treasury Depository Cash office through US
Embassy Diplomatic Logistic and Security special services, you can check these facts by visiting
http://www.ups.com, Tracking Number: 1ZA67T571304485982,
Attached is the picture of sealed BOX containing your Debt cash fund, the DHL had been contracted to conclude delivery to your address yet to be personally
re-confirmed with your full name, phone Number. Via contact details, Fax
+27 86 609 4842 E-mail: email@example.com phone calls are not allow for security of Cash movement why on transit to your destination.
Dont let this opportunity pass you as this payment will be the last for this year 2013, BE WARNED, Congratulations! your International Diplomatic Custom Immunity
Yellow Tags is ready and a copy will be send to you for free entry of your Fund Consignment at your country Airport.
OFFICIALLY SIGNED & SEALED BY
DR. ABRAHAM NWANKWO
( DIRECTOR-GENERAL )
DEBT MANAGEMENT OFFICE DMO
THE PRESIDENCY -NIGERIA.