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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Gerald Wilson <>
Reply-To: Gerald Wilson <>
Date: Fri, 21 Jun 2013 12:55:38 -0300 (ART)
Subject: Hello

Good day,

I am Mrs. Melissa Adina Militante, the Regional Auditor Land Bank of the Philippines. I have a business proposal worth of Ten Million and Two Hundred Thousand United state Dollars for you and I want you to be my partner in this business and also assist me to invest in a profitable business in your country. I will give you more details upon your response to this proposal.

If you are interested, please do get back to me immediately and I can send you detailed information on the modalities of my proposition.

I completely trust you to keep this proposition absolutely confidential.I can be reach on my private email:

I look forward to your prompt response.

Best Regards,
Mrs. Melissa Adina Militante

Anti-fraud resources: