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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Dr. Akachukwu Paul" <>
Reply-To: "Dr. Akachukwu Paul" <>
Date: Thu, 25 Jul 2013 03:11:03 +0800 (CST)



I am contacting you because I have sent you the first payment of $5,000
today from your winning funds total amount of $1.5Million, Therefore you need to contact the western union agent Mr. Martins Onyeka for him to
give you the transfer payment information and MTCN to pick up the money
at WU Branch over there.
W.U Agent: Mr. Martins Onyeka
Phone:  +22999574705
Please try to
contact him today and ask him to forward the payment information to you, remember to indicate the funds registration code of EB-2520 to him when e-mailing or calling him, Also he will be sending you $5,000.00 daily
as per our board discussion with him.
Do get in touch with me once you have received the transfer.
Dr. Akachukwu Paul
IMF Managing Director Benin.

Anti-fraud resources: