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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Soma Moussa <>
Reply-To: Soma Moussa <>
Date: Thu, 25 Jul 2013 08:58:42 +0100 (BST)
Subject: From Mr.Soma Moussa,

Dear Friend,
I decided to contact you to help me actualize this business for the mutual benefit of both our families. I am the Auditing and Accounting section manager in a bank, there is one of our customers who have made fixed deposit of sum of ($39.5)million for 7 years and upon maturity; I discovered that he died after a brief illness without any next of kin on his file. I am contacting you for joining hands with the honesty and truth to ensure that the fund is transferred into your bank account.
Please reply quickly enough to enable me decide how to proceed with further details.
Mr. Soma Moussa.

Anti-fraud resources: