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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Gary Smith" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Wed, 7 Aug 2013 16:49:07 -0700
Subject: Re: loan for your business?

Your Attention,
We are personal loan providers within and outside the United Kingdom. We have the cheapest interest loan you can ever imagine that will suit your circumstances no matter how it is. Take advantage of our loan offers as stated below. This includes:
*Home Loan
*Car Loan
*Mortgage Loan
*Business Loan
*International Loan
*Project Loan
*Personal Loan E.T.C.
This loan Service is fast, reliable and 100% Guaranteed. Contact us now for a loan today and put a stop to all your financial barriers.
Yours in service,
Mr. Gary Smith,
Marketing Consultant.

Anti-fraud resources: