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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: adamu joel <>
Reply-To: adamu joel <>
Date: Wed, 7 Aug 2013 18:31:45 +0100 (BST)
Subject: Dear Friend!!!


Hello Friend!!!

I know that this message will come to you as a surprise.           

I am  the Auditing and Accounting section manager in (B.O.A)
Ouagadougou Burkina faso. I Hope that you will not expose or
betray this trust and confident that I am about to repose on
you for the mutual benefit of our both families.I need your
assistance in transferring the sum of ($3.7M) three million ,
seven hundred thousand united dollars into your account
within 7 to 10 banking days.

If you agree to handle this business with me.
I am expecting your urgent respond.  

Your Full Name...................
Your Age and Sex....................
Your Private Telephone...............
Your Occupation...............
Your Country................

Best regards.
Mr Joel Adamu.                 

Anti-fraud resources: