fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- firstname.lastname@example.org (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: Jessica ayonou <email@example.com>
Date: Wed, 7 Aug 2013 09:12:13 -1200
Subject: C.W.V.H.R INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE INVITATION USA 2013
On behalf of (CWVHR) Center for War Victims and Human Right, It is a
great privilege for us to invite you to global Congress meeting against
Economic Crisis and war-affected children / Impact of Conflict on Women &
The aims of the conference are to bring together researchers and
practitioners in an effort to lay the ground work for future
collaborative research, advocacy, and program development as well as to
educate social service, health care, and criminal justice professionals on
human trafficking and the needs and risks of those victimized by the
commercial sex industry.
The global Congress meeting against Economic Crisis and war-affected
children / Impact of Conflict on Women & Girls is scheduled to take place
from OCTOBER 15th - 19th 2013 in Illinois the United States and in
Dakar-Senegal, from OCTOBER 22th - 26th 2013.
Note that all interested delegates that requires entry visa to enter the
United States to attend this meeting will be assisted by the organization,
in obtaining the visa in their passport. Free air round trip tickets to
attend this meeting will be provided to all participants. The Workshop
welcomes paper presentation from any interested participants willing to
present papers during the meeting.
If you are interested in attending and for fast respond contact the
C.W.V.H.R conference secretariat via email: firstname.lastname@example.org
email@example.com as soon as possible, and share the information with
Ms. Jessica Ayonou Adams
(Ph.D) Activities Coordinator